Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites

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Subject for world heritage

World Heritage is required to be immovable heritages, such as monuments, groups of buildings, and sites, which are defined in the article 1 of the Convention. Movable heritages or immovable heritages that are likely to become movable are excluded.

Protection by domestic laws

World heritage needs to be placed under sufficient legal protection and securely protected by the country where it is located. [It needs to be designated by the domestic law (the Law for Protection of Cultural Properties).]

Outstanding universal value

World heritage needs to meet one or more of the criteria for the assessment of outstanding universal value, which specified in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention drawn by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.

  1. represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
  2. exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture
  3. bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
  4. be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
  5. be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
  6. be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria)

* There are other four criteria (vii, viii, ix, x) as the criteria for the assessment of natural heritage.

Authenticity ・ Integrity

World heritage must conform to authenticity. That means the materials and cultural characteristics must be authentic. The restoration is acceptable if it is performed based on precise information and not the whole part is restored. It is also required to contain all the elements that are necessary to demonstrate its values and importance (integrity).